Publications Publications of Dr. A. Bruno Frazier

Publications of Dr. A. Bruno Frazier

Publications

Books

A. B. Frazier and J. Jara-Almonte, “Chapter 116: Precision Metallic Microstructures and Micro Molding Technologies”, in the Industrial Electronics Handbook (ed: J. D. Irwin), CRC Press & IEEE Press, 1997, pp. 1489-1514.

P. McWhorter, A.B. Frazier, and P. Rai-Choudhury, “Chapter 1: Micromachining and Trends for the Twenty-First Century “, in the SPIE Handbook of Microlithography, Micromachining, and Microfabrication (ed: P. Rai-Choudhury), ISBN 0-85296-9111-2, 1997, pp. 4-30.

Published Journal Papers

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “Piezoresistive Graphite/Polyimide Thin Films for Micromachining Applications”, Journal of Applied Physics, (73) 4428-4433 (1993).

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “Metallic Microstructures Fabricated Using Photosensitive Polyimide Electroplating Molds”, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, (2) 87-94 (1993).

A.B. Frazier, S.C. Olson, S.P. Turner, and M.G. Allen, “Characterization of Graphite-Filled Polyimide Thin Films Using Micromachining Techniques”, Journal of Microcircuits and Electronic Packaging, (1) 37-49 (1994).

A.B. Frazier, C.H. Ahn, and M.G. Allen, “Development of Micromachined Devices Using Polyimide-Based Processes”, Sensors and Actuators, (45) 47-55 (1994).

R.L. Cadenhead and A.B. Frazier, “Solid State Microelectronic Sensors: A Core Digest”, Journal of Microcircuits and Electronic Packaging, (18) 51-75 (1995).

A.B. Frazier, C. Friedrich, and R.O. Warrington, “The Miniaturization Technologies: Past, Present, and Future”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, (42) 423-430 (1995).

A.B. Frazier, “Recent Applications of Polyimide to Micromachining Technology”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, (42) 442-448 (1995).

A.B. Frazier, “Wafer-to-wafer Bonding with Thick High Aspect Ratio Embedded Micro Channels”, Journal of Microsystem Technologies, (5) 287-92 (1995).

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “Uses of Electroplated Aluminum for the Development of Microstructures and Micromachining Processes”, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, (1) 91-99 (1997).

J.D. Brazzle, I.E. Papautsky, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Pipette Arrays (MPA)”, *University of Utah’s Journal of Undergraduate Research, (8) 9-14 (1998). *Non-refereed Journal.

I. Papautsky, J. Brazzle, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “A Low Temperature, IC Compatible Process for Fabricating Surface Micromachined Metallic Microchannels”, IEEE Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, (7) 267-73 (1998).

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “A Micromachined Electrical Field Flow Fractionation (µ-EFFF) System”, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, (45) 1459-1470 (1998).

I. Papautsky, J. Brazzle, T. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “Laminar Fluid Behavior in Microchannels using MicroPolar Fluid Theory”, Sensors and Actuators, (73) 101-108 (1999).

H.E. Ayliffe, A.B. Frazier, and R.D. Rabbitt, “Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy using Microchannels with Integrated Metal Electrodes”, IEEE Journal on Microelectromechanical Systems, (8) 50-57 (1999).

J. Brazzle, I. Papautsky, and A.B. Frazier, “Hollow Metallic Micromachined Needle Arrays”, Journal on Micro Biomedical Devices, (2) 197-205 (2000).

A.B. Frazier, K.D. Caldwell, B.K. Gale, and I.E. Papautsky, “Integrated Micromachined Components for Bio/Chemical Analysis Systems”, International Journal of MicroMechatronics, (1) 67-84 (2000).

I. Papautsky, J. Brazzle, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Pipette Arrays”, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, (47) 812-819 (2000).

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Geometrical Scaling Effects in Electrical Field Flow Fractionation. Theoretical Analysis”, Analytical Chemistry, (73) 2345-2352 (2001).

T. Edwards, B.K. Gale, and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Scale Sample Preparation Systems for Biological Analysis”, Journal on Micro Biomedical Devices, (3:3) 211-218 (2001).

I. Papautsky, S. Mohanty, R. Weiss, and A.B. Frazier, “High Lane Density Slab Gel Electrophoresis using Micromachined Instrumentation”, Electrophoresis, (22:18) 3908-3915 (2001).

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Geometrical Scaling Effects in Electrical Field Flow Fractionation. Experimental Analysis”, Analytical Chemistry (74) 1024-1030 (2002).

T. Edwards, B. Gale, and A.B. Frazier, “A Microfabricated Thermal Field Flow Fractionation System”, Accepted for publication in Analytical Chemistry, Date Accepted: December 2001.

T. Edwards, S.K. Mohanty, R.K. Edwards, and C.L. Thomas, “Rapid Micromold Tooling for Injection Molding Microfluidic Components”, Sensors & Materials, (14:3) 1-12 (2002).

N.D. Gallant, J.R. Capadona, A.B. Frazier, D.M. Collard, and A.J. Garcia, “Micropatterned Surfaces to Engineer Focal Adhesions for Analysis of Cell Adhesion Strengthening”, Langmuir, (18) 5579-84 (2002).

S. Chandrasekaran and A.B. Frazier, “Surface Micromachined Metallic Microneedles” Accepted for publication in the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Date Accepted: November 30, 2002.

Plenary Lectures

A.B. Frazier, B.K. Gale, and I. Papautsky, “Metallic Micromachined Pipettes and Bioanalysis Systems”, International Symposium on Mechatronics and Human Science, Nagoya, Japan, October 1997, pp. 5-12.

A.B. Frazier, I. Papautsky, T.L. Edwards, and B.K. Gale, “Integrated Sample Preparation Systems for Miniaturized Biochemical Analysis”, Tenth International Symposium on Micromechatronics and Human Science, Nagoya, Japan, November 1999, pp. 19-26.

A.B. Frazier, “Micro Scale Sample Preparation Systems for Biological Sample Preparation”, BioMEMS and Biomedical Nanotechnology World 2000, Columbus, Ohio, September 2000, pp. 10-11.

Invited Conference Papers

A.B. Frazier, “Development of Micromachining Technologies using Electroplated Metals”, Extended Abstract from the 186th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Miami Beach, FL: ECS. October 1994, pp. 499-500.

P. Coane, J. T. Cook, D. J. Monk, A. B. Frazier, and R. O. Warrington, “Packaging Issues in the Miniaturization Technologies”, ASME International Intersociety Electronic Packaging Conference and Exhibition (INTERPack95), Kona, HI: March 1995.

D. Beebe, A.B. Frazier, and R. Gao, “Application of MEMS Technologies to Biomedical Instrumentation,” 188th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Chicago, IL, October 1995, pp. 100-116.

A.B. Frazier, “Technology Transfer: A Case Study from the University Perspective”, Commercialization of Microsystems 98, San Diego, CA, September 1998, pp. 517-523.

A.B. Frazier, “Packaging of Microfluidic Devices”, International Conference on Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Maui, HI, June 1999, pp. 317-323.

A.B. Frazier, J. Brazzle, B.K. Gale, and I. Papautsky, “Miniaturized Devices for Bio/Chemical Sample Preparation”, International Device Research Symposium, Charlottesville, VA, December 1999, pp. 471-474.

A.B. Frazier, “Micro Scale Purification Systems for Biological Sample Preparation”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Microfabricated Systems and MEMS V, The Electrochemical Society, Phoenix, AZ, October 2000, Vol. 2000-19, pp. 43-54.

A. Han, M. Graff, O. Wang, and A.B. Frazier, “A Multi-Layer Microfluidic System with Integrated Electrical and On-Column Optical Detection”, IEEE Sensors Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2002, pp. 56.2.

Refereed Conference Papers

A.B. Frazier, J.W. Babb, and M.G. Allen, “Design and Fabrication of Electroplated Micromotor Structures”, The Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Atlanta, GA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. December 1991, pp. 135-146.

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “High Aspect Ratio Electroplated Microstructures Using A Photosensitive Polyimide Process”, 5th IEEE International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Travemunde, Germany: IEEE Robotics and Automation Society. February 1992, pp. 87-92. (38.3% acceptance rate for presentations)

A.B. Frazier, M.R. Khan, and M.G. Allen, “Mechanical and Piezoresistive Properties of Graphite-Filled Polyimide Thin Films”, Materials Research Society 1992 Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA: Materials Research Society. April 1992, pp. 295-302.

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “Mechanical and Piezoresistive Properties of Graphite-Filled Polyimide for Hybrid Micromachined Systems”, International Symposium on Microelectronics, San Francisco, CA: International Society for Hybrid Microelectronics. October 1992, pp. 99-105. * Best Paper of Session, Best Paper of Symposium

A.B. Frazier, D.P. O’Brien, and M.G. Allen, “Two Dimensional Metallic Microelectrode Arrays for the Extracellular Stimulation and Recording of Neurons”, 6th IEEE International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Ft. Lauderdale, FL: IEEE Robotics and Automation Society. February 1993, pp. 195-200. (36.9% acceptance rate for presentations)

A.B. Frazier, R.P. Powers, and M.G. Allen, “Thin Film Programmable Interconnect Arrays”, International Conference & Exhibition on Multichip Modules, Denver, CO: ISHM, IEPS. April 1994, pp. 293-298.

A.B. Frazier, “Uses of Polyimide for Micromachining Applications”, 20th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Bologna, Italy: SICE, AEI. September 1994, pp. 1483-1487. * Best Paper of Session, Second Best Paper of Symposium

R.O. Warrington and A.B. Frazier, “The Miniaturization Technologies: Past, Present, and Future”, 20th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Bologna, Italy: SICE, AEI. September 1994, pp. 1460-1465.

A.B. Frazier and M.G. Allen, “Uses of Electroplated Aluminum in Micromachining Applications”, IEEE Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head, SC: Transducers Research Foundation. June 1994, pp. 91-96. (30.1% acceptance rate for presentations)

B.K. Gale, K. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Electrical Field Flow Fractionation System”, 10th IEEE International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Nagoya, Japan, January 1997, pp. 207-212. (24.5% acceptance rate for oral presentations)

I. Papautsky, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “Surface Micromachined IC Compatible Technology for Fabricating Metallic MicroChannels”, 10th IEEE International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Nagoya, Japan, Jan. 1997, pp. 104-109. (37.7% acceptance rate)

B. Ganesh, T.A. Ameel, D.G. Petelenz, D.A. Chinn, R.A. Normann, and A.B. Frazier, “Packaging of Neural Stimulation/Recording Systems: Review and New Mechanism for Interfacing Passive Electrodes and Signal Processing Circuitry”, International Conference on Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Kona, HI, June 1997, pp. 112-117.

H.E. Ayliffe, A.B. Frazier, and R.D. Rabbitt, “The Development of a Microfabricated Device to Measure the Electric Impedance of Individual Leukocytes”, Am. Soc. Mech. Eng. Biomedical Engineering Conference, June 1997, vol. 35, pp. 485-486.

J.L. Hunt-Holmes, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “Integrated Microchannels with Metallic and Polymeric Channel Sections”, International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Chicago, IL, June 1997, pp. 519-522. (42.4% acceptance rate for presentations)

H.E. Ayliffe, R.D. Rabbitt, P.A. Tresco, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Cellular Characterization System for Studying the Biomechanics of Individual Cells”, International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Chicago, IL, June 1997, pp. 1307-1310. (28.1% acceptance rate for oral presentations)

H.E. Ayliffe, R.D. Rabbitt, and A.B. Frazier, “Microfabricated Electric Impedance Chamber for Electrical Characterization of Single Cells”, SPIE V, January 1998, Vol. 3258, pp. 82-90.

I.E. Papautsky, T. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Channel Fluid Behavior using Micro Polar Fluid Theory”, 11th IEEE International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Heidelberg, Germany, January 1998, pp. 544-549. (16.3% acceptance rate for oral presentations)

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Characterization of a Micromachined Electrical Field Flow Fractionation (µ-EFFF) System”, Solid State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head, SC, June 1998, pp. 342-345.

M. Wang, T.A. Ameel, A.B. Frazier, and R.O. Warrington, “Microtube Convection Heat Transfer for a Power-Law Fluid in Laminar Slip Flow with an Isoflux Boundary Condition”, 1998 ASME IMECE, Anaheim, CA, October 1998.

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Electrical Conductivity Particle Detector for Use in Biological and Chemical Micro Analysis Systems”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1998, pp. 230-241.

I. Papautsky, J. Brazzle, T.A. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “Parallel Sample Manipulation using Micromachined Pipette Arrays”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1998, pp. 104-115.

J. Brazzle, I. Papautsky, and A.B. Frazier, “Fluid Coupled Metallic Micromachined Needle Arrays”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1998, pp. 116-124.

I. Papautsky, T. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “Single-Phase Fluid Flow in Microchannels”, Second International Symposium on Advanced Energy Systems and Related Technologies, Nagoya, Japan, December 1998, pp. 186-187.

T.L. Edwards, B.K. Gale, and A.B. Frazier, “A Micromachined Thermal Field Flow Fractionation System (µ-TFFF)”, International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Sendia, Japan, June 1999, pp. 742-745.

H.E. Ayliffe, R.D. Rabbitt, and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Electric Impedance Spectroscopy for Electrophysical Characterization of Cells”, International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Sendia, Japan, June 1999, pp. 734-737.

I. Papautsky, S. K. Mohanty, R. Weiss, and A. B. Frazier, “Micromachined Pipette Arrays for High Lane Density Slab Gel Electrophoresis”, International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Sendia, Japan, June 1999, pp. 52-55. (25.7% acceptance rate for oral presentations)

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy Particle Detector for use in Micro Analysis Systems”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1999, pp. 190-201.

J. Brazzle, S. Mohanty, and A.B. Frazier, “Hollow Metallic Micromachined Needles with Multiple Output Ports”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1999, pp. 257-266.

J. Liu, L. Tian, and A.B. Frazier, “Linear Magnetic Position Sensors based on the Hall Effect”, SPIE Micromachined Devices and Components, Santa Clara, CA, September 1999.

I. Papautsky, S. Mohanty, T. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “Effects of Rectangular Microchannel Aspect Ratio on Laminar Friction Constant”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 1999, pp. 147-159.

J. Brazzle, D. Bartholomeusz, R. Davies, J. Andrade, R.A. Van Wagenen, and A.B. Frazier, “Active Microneedles with Integrated Functionlality”, Solid State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head, SC, June 2000, pp. 199-202.

B.C. Giordano, J.P. Ferrance, A.F.R. Huhmer, S.A. Swedbert, A.B. Frazier, and J.P. Landers, “Noncontact Thermal Cycling for PCR in Microliter and Submicroliter Volumes in Microchips Constructed from Novel Substrates”, HPCE’2000, pp. 221.

T.L. Edwards, S.K. Mohanty, R.K. Edwards, C. Thomas, and A.B. Frazier, “Rapid Tooling Using SU-8 for Injection Molding Microfluidic Components”, SPIE Micro Fluidic Devices and Systems Conference, Santa Clara, CA, September 2000, pp. 82-89.

D.A. Bartholomeusz, J.D. Andrade, and A.B. Frazier, “Bioluminescent Based ChemChip for Point-of-Care Diagnostics,” 1st Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology, Lyon, France, October 2000, pp. 602-606.

B.K. Gale, R.S. Besser, I. Papautsky, J.D. Brazzle, and A.B. Frazier, “Packaging for Biomedical Analysis Systems,” IMAPS Advanced Technology Workshop (ATW) for MEMS and Microsystem Packaging and Integration, Orlando, FL, November 2000, pp. 49-52.

S.K. Mohanty, M. Graff, K. Ravula, A. Han, and A.B. Frazier, “A Micro Stenciling Process for Wafer Scale Metallization of Plastic Substrates”, International Conference on Micro Total Analysis Systems, Monterey, CA, October 2001, pp. 387-88.

M. Graff and A.B. Frazier, “A Micromachined Electrical Field-Flow Fractionation (m-ElFFF) System With Integrated Electrical Conductivity Detection and Complimentary Resonance Light Scattering Detection Systems”, International Conference on Micro Total Analysis Systems, Monterey, CA, October 2001, pp. 543-44.

I. Papautsky, T.A. Ameel, and A.B. Frazier, “A Review of Laminar Single-Phase Flow in Microchannels”, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, New York, NY, November 2001, pp. 1-9.

S. Chandrasekaran and A. B.Frazier, “Mechanical Characterization of Surface Micromachined Hollow Metallic Microneedles”, IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology, Madison, WI, May 2002, pp 94-98.

S.K. Mohanty, S.K. Ravula, K. Engisch and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy of Bovine Chromafin Cells”, IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology, Madison, WI, May 2002, pp 485-489.

A. Han, O. Wang, S.K. Mohanty, M. Graff and A.B. Frazier, “A Multi-layer Plastic Packaging Technology for Miniaturized Bio Analysis Systems Containing Integrated Electrical and Mechanical Functionality”, IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology, Madison, WI, May 2002, pp 66-70.

A.B. Frazier, Z. Liu, L. Tian, and J. Parham, “Miniaturized Linear Magnetic Position Sensors for Automotive Applications”, IEEE Sensors Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2002, pp. 4.3.

A. Han, M. Graff, O. Wang, and A.B. Frazier, “A Multi-Layer Microfluidic System with Integrated Electrical and On-Column Optical Detection”, IEEE Sensors Conference, Orlando, FL, June 2002, pp. 12.2. * Best Paper of Session

S. Chandresakaran and A.B. Frazier, “An Autonomous Microneedle-based Biofluid Analysis System”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Houston, TX, October 2002, pp. 1644-1645.

A. Han, E. Moss, R.D. Rabbitt, and A.B. Frazier, “A Multi-purpose Micro System for Electrophysiological Analyses of Single Cells”, International Conference on Micro Total Analysis Systems, Kyoto, Japan, November 2002, pp.

S.K. Mohanty, S.K. Ravula, K. Engisch, and A.B. Frazier, “Single Cell Analysis of Bovine Chromaffin Cells Using Micro Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy”, International Conference on Micro Total Analysis Systems, Kyoto, Japan, November 2002, pp.

Guest Editorials

A.B. Frazier, Special Section on Micromachining, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, (45) 853 (1998).

I. Papautsky, A.B. Frazier, C.H. Ahn, Thematic Issue on Microfluidics, Journal on Biomedical Microdevices, (3) 173 (2001).

Non-refereed Conference Papers

A.B. Frazier, “Wafer-to-wafer Bonding with Thick High Aspect Ratio Embedded Micro Channels”, High Aspect Ratio Micro Structures Conference (HARMST), Karlsruhe, Germany, June 1995.

A.B. Frazier, “Low Temperature IC-Compatible Wafer-to-Wafer Bonding with Embedded Micro Channels for Integrated Sensing Systems”, 38th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, August 1995, pp. 505-508.

A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Precision Cutting Tools”, 17th International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Montreal, Canada, September 1995, pp. 7.1.1.1.

I.E. Papautsky, J.D. Brazzle, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Pipette Arrays (MPA)”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Chicago, IL, October 1997, pp. 2281-2284.

I.E. Papautsky, J.D. Brazzle, H. Swerdlow, and A.B. Frazier, “Macro-to-Micro Sample Interfacing Instrumentation”, BioMedical Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, October 1997, pg. 1.

A.B. Frazier, K.D. Caldwell, T. Ameel, B.K. Gale, and I. Papautsky, “Micro Scale Fluid Analysis Systems: Applications and Engineering Issues”, 7th International Symposium on Field Flow Fractionation, Salt Lake City, UT, February 1998, pg. 74.

J.D. Brazzle, I. Papautsky, and A.B. Frazier, “Fluid Coupled Micromachined Needle Arrays (MPA)”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Hong Kong, October 1998, pg. 1837.

B.K. Gale, K.D. Caldwell, and A.B. Frazier, “Scaling Effects in Micro Electrical Field Flow Fractionation Systems”, 10th International Symposium on Field Flow Fractionation, Paris, France, August 1999, pp. 45-46.

J.D. Brazzle, S. Mohanty, and A.B. Frazier, “Micromachined Multiple Output Port Needle”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Atlanta, GA, October 1999, pg. 834.

I. Papautsky, S.K. Mohanty, R. Weiss, and A.B. Frazier, “High Lane Density Slab Gel Electrophoresis by Micromachined Instrumentation”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Atlanta, GA, October 1999, pg. 843.

L. Tian, and A.B. Frazier, “Drug Signaturing Using Impedance Spectroscopy Technique”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Atlanta, GA, October 1999, pg. 813.

T.L. Edwards, B.K. Gale, and A.B. Frazier, “A Miniaturized Thermal Field Flow Fractionation System”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Atlanta, GA, October 1999, pg. 848.

B.K. Gale, T.L. Edwards, and A.B. Frazier, “Scaling Effects in Micro Electrical Field Flow Fractionation System with Integrated Detector”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Atlanta, GA, October 1999, pg. 842.

T.L. Edwards and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Thermal Field Flow Fractionation Systems”, 12th International Symposium on Field Flow Fractionation, Golden, CO, June 2001, pp. 58-59.

M. Graff and A.B. Frazier, “Micro Electrical Field Flow Fractionation System with Complimentary Conductivity and Resonance Light Scattering Detection”, 12th International Symposium on Field Flow Fractionation, Golden, CO, June 2001, pp. 56-57.

A. Han, O. Wang, S.K. Mohanty, M. Graff, and A.B. Frazier. “Advanced MEMS Packaging for Microfluidic Systems Containing Electrical and Mechanical Functionality”, IMAPS Advanced Technology Workshop for Packaging of MEMS and Related Micro Integrated Systems, Scotts Valley, CA, November 2002.

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